For full reports and exact statements of the CRCNA position on a particular issue, see references provided below.
세례와 함께, 주님의 만찬 (성찬)은 북미주 개혁교회의 성례입니다. 십자가에서 단번에 드려진 그의 희생에서 우리를 위한 그리스도의 몸과 흘리신 피를 기억하면서 “거룩한 표시”로서 주님의 떡과 잔을 받아먹기 위해서 (하이델베르그 요리문답 문답75-82), “자신의 나이와 능력에 적합하게 예수 그리스도에 대한 신앙을 가진 모든 세례교인은 성만찬에 초대됩니다” (교회헌법 59-a조).
1995년 총회는 주님의 만찬에서 자녀들에 관한 보고서(www.crcna.org/SynodResources를 보십시오)를 채택했습니다. 또한 2007년 총회는 이후 총회들에서 주님의 만찬 참여와 입교에 관련한 발견을 기록하고 제안서를 작성하기 위해서 신앙 교육 위원회를 임명했습니다. 2011년 총회는 “세례 받은 자녀들의 성찬 참여와 입교의 실제”를 위한 지침을 제공하는 신앙 교육 위원회의 보고서와 제안서를 채택했습니다.
2006년 총회는 북미주 개혁교회 타종교 위원회의 성찬과 로마 가톨릭 미사에 대한 보고서를 채택했습니다. (www.crcna.org/SynodResources참조) 이 보고서는 하이델베르그 80번 문답의 뒷부분의 세 단락은 “현재의 로마 카톨릭 교회의 공식적인 가르침과 성례 실행을 정확하게 반영하지 않고 더이상 CRC의 성도들은 그 항목의 고백에 매이지 아니한다”고 진술하고 있습니다.
Admission to the Lord's Supper has been discussed often in the CRC. The CRC maintains that a person be a "confessing member" of a Christian church in order to partake of the Lord's Supper. Especially with regard to children at the Lord's table, committees have reported to Synods 1986, 1988, and 1995. Synod 1995 revised Article 59 of the CRC Church Order to reflect a difference between "confessing members" who are children and "confessing members who have reached the age of 18 and who have made a commitment to the creeds of the Christian Reformed Church" (Acts of Synod 1995, p. 762). Prior to that time, the Church Order presumed that baptized members who made public profession of faith were also old enough to understand and commit to the teachings of the church's creeds and confessions.
The matter of children at the Lord's Supper came to synod again by way of an overture in 2006, and synod proposed changes to the Church Order that would allow "admission of all baptized members to the Lord's Supper on the basis of their full membership in the covenant community" (Acts of Synod 2006, p. 730); Synod 2007, however, did not adopt those proposed changes. Synod 2006 also called for a task force to be appointed to, among other things, evaluate the impact, implementation, challenges, and joys of the 1995 decision and propose ways in which professing and communicant children can be discipled toward greater spiritual growth. In 2007 that task force presented its work, and synod established a Faith Formation Committee to study various aspects of participation in the Lord’s Supper and public profession of faith, by means of discussion with and information gathering from Christian Reformed congregations and agencies involved in faith formation, and to report annually to synod for the subsequent five years. Synod 2011 adopted the Faith Formation Committee’s report “Children at the Table” as fulfillment of the committee’s mandate to formulate “a clear statement about the participation of baptized children at the Lord’s Supper and the practice of public profession of faith for use in the churches” (Acts of Synod 2011, p. 831). Synods 2011 and 2012 also adopted related changes to the Church Order and its Supplements (Acts of Synod 2011, pp. 829-30; Acts of Synod 2012, pp. 771-72). Synod 2013 received and approved recommendations from its Faith Formation Committee to make use of “A Primer for Welcoming Children to the Lord’s Supper and the Role of Public Profession of Faith” and to use related new products developed by Faith Alive Christian Resources in 2013 for welcoming and preparing children to participate in the Lord’s Supper.
In 2006 synod also adopted a report on The Lord’s Supper and the Roman Catholic Mass and declared the latter three paragraphs of Q. and A. 80 of the Heidelberg Catechism to be "no longer confessionally binding" (see crcna.org/SynodResources). In response to recommendations by the Ecumenical and Interfaith Relations Committee, based on dialogue with the Roman Catholic Church and other Reformed denominations, Synod 2011 received “This Bread of Life” as an ecumenical document on the Lord’s Supper, recommending it “to the churches for further study and reflection” (Acts of Synod 2011, p. 822).
References to Agendas and Acts of Synod
Agenda for Synod 1986, pp. 346-70, 478
Acts of Synod 1986, pp. 617-20
Agenda for Synod 1988, pp. 260-316
Acts of Synod 1988, pp. 557-560
Agenda for Synod 1995, pp. 265-303
Acts of Synod 1995, pp. 712-21, 762-63
Agenda for Synod 2006, pp. 270-71, 274-76, 526-30
Acts of Synod 2006, pp. 666-70, 710-11, 713-14, 727-31
Agenda for Synod 2007, pp. 26, 43-63
Acts of Synod 2007, pp. 621, 653-57, 659
Agenda for Synod 2008, pp. 231-42
Acts of Synod 2008, pp. 454, 473, 517, 529
Agenda for Synod 2011, pp. 344-46, 440-510, 571-612
Acts of Synod 2011, pp. 822, 829-31
Agenda for Synod 2012, pp. 420-23
Acts of Synod 2012, pp. 771-72
Agenda for Synod 2013, pp. 318-23, 327, 329-31
Acts of Synod 2013, p. 552